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- Abaft (Aft)
Near or toward the stern of the boat.
Floating without mooring or direction, at a loss.
On or toward the side of a ship that is away from the wind (opp. windward).
High above the deck of a ship.
Halfway between the bow and stern of a ship.
Shaped piece of iron attached to a chain or rope, and used to grip the sea bottom in order to hold a ship in place.
A place suitable for anchoring, considering the wind and sea bottom. It is usually an harbor area in which the ship may anchor.
At or toward the rear of a boat.
Crosswise. Anything running across a ship, from side to side.
Raised off the bottom (for an anchor).
Rope extending from the top of the mast to the ship’s side.
It’s the largest width of the boat (amidships).
A rectangular shelter that protects the bridge and the helm area of an open boat, from sun and rain.
Box or stand that contains the ship’s compass. It is placed near the man who is steering.
Rope or chain to hold a bowsprit down.
Long spar used to extend the bottom of a sail. It’s linked and pivoting on the mast.
It’s the forward part of a boat.
Rope to hold a sail steady when sailing into the wind.
Spar projecting forward from the bow of a ship. Ropes from it help to steady sails and masts.
The location from which a vessel is steered and controlled.
A ship’s side above the deck that prevent the crew or equipment from going overboard.
Narrow bed set against a wall like e shelf.
Floating object anchored in a certain place on the water to warn or guide. It marks positions on the water, hidden rocks or shallows, shows the safe part of the channel.
Boat with two hulls side by side.
The map used by navigators.
The stairway from the deck of a ship down to the rooms below.
Person in charge of steering the boat.
The horizontal movement of the water.
Boat with a single mast and two foresails (a jib and a staysail).
- Dead ahead
- Dead astern
Floor extending from side to side of a ship.
The low housing on the deck of a boat, to protect the companion-way
- Draft (or draught)
Depth of water that a ship needs for floating.
Tide flowing away from the shore.
A buoy placed between boats, or between a boat and a pier, to prevent damage.
It is the staysail between the tow masts of a ketch or a schooner.
- Fore and aft
Lengthwise on a ship, from bow to stern. At or toward both bow and stern.
The upper deck in front of the foremast.
It’s the vertical spar located forward, nearest the bow of a ship.
The main sail on the foremast of a schooner. It’s also the lowest sail on the foremast of a square-rigged ship.
Rope or cable reaching from the the top of the foremast to the bowsprit or foredeck.
Towards the bow of the boat.
The height of the deck above the water.
The kitchen arera of the ship.
A large jib.
- Gunwale (or Gunnel)
The upper edge of a ship’s side.
Place or shelter for ships.
An opening in a ship’s deck through which a cargo is put in.
Hole in a ship’s bow for a hawser to pass through.
- Heel (to)
To lean over, when beating into the wind or with the wind abeam.
The wheel by which a ship is steered. By extension, it is also the position of control or guidance.
- High tide
The normal level of the water.
The main structural body of a ship. This does not include the superstructure, the masts, sails and rigging.
A motor fitted inside the boat (opp. Outboard).
A triangular sail in front of the foremast.
- Jib boom
Spar extending out from a ship’s bowsprit.
Small set of ropes and pulleys used on a ship. Small sail.
- Jigger mast
Mast in the stern of a ship.
A fore-and-aft-rigged ship, with a large mainmast toward the bow and a smaller mast toward the stern. The type of mainsail defines if the ketch is Bermudan, gaff-rigged or marconi-rigged.
A unit of speed used on ships; one nautical mile per hour. One nautical mile = 6080.27 feet.
Geographic distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees.
Side movement of a ship.
Geographic distance east or west of the prime meridian (Greenwich),
measured in degrees.
The tallest mast of the ship; on a schooner, the mast furthest aft.
Main vertical spar used to support sails and their running rigging.
A fore-and-aft sail on the mizzen mast.
- Mizzen mast
The smallest mast of a ketch or a yawl.
- Nautical mile
Distance equal to 1852 meters.
A motor fitted outside the boat (opp. Inboard).
Structure extending into the water, used as a walk or a landing place.
The left side of the boat when you are facing the bow (opp. Starboard).
Part of a ship’s side near the stern.
Ropes , chains, etc.used to support and work the masts, yards and sails on a ship.
Ship with two or more masts and fore-and-aft sails.
An opening in the side of a ship to let water run off the deck.
An opening in the deck or side of a ship, with a movable cover (that can be tightly closed if needed),
to let light and air run in.
Rope that controls the angle at which a sail is set.
Space at the bow or stern of an open boat.
Ropes from a mast to the side of a ship, to help support the mast.
Sailboat having one mast, a mainsail, a jib, and sometimes other sails.
A stout pole used to support or extend the sails of a ship; mast, gaff, yard, boom, bowsprit, etc.
- Standing rigging
Permanent rigging used to support the spars.
The right side of the boat when you are facing the bow (opp. Port).
The hind part of the boat.
Be overhelmed by water coming in over the deck and gunwales.
A small boat which attends a large yacht, used to transport people between the yacht and the pier.
The periodic rise and fall of the ocean, caused by the attraction of the moon and the sun.
A bar or handle used to turn the rudder in a steering boat.
The upper part of a ship’s side, esp. the part above the waterline.
Adjustment of sails with reference to the wind and direction. It’s also the arrangement of weights in the ship, in order to get a correct draft at bow and stern. By extension, it is a set of equipment at the back of the boat controling of the lift-off.
Vessel in motion, for example, when not moored, at anchor or aground.
A large boat.
A mechanical device used for lifting or pulling the ropes that support the sails, turned by a crank.
Toward the wind (opp. alee).
A long, slender beam or pole fastened across a mast, used to support a sail.
Boat like a sloop with a second short mast set near the stern.